Sustainable building

Eco-construction: buildings designed for the future

The building sector is at the heart of numerous shifts: energy, carbon, ecological, digital, social and societal. As an investor, developer and manager, Covivio operates throughout the real estate life cycle in order to offer ever greener, more efficient buildings capable of meeting the climate challenge.

What is eco-construction?

Eco-construction is a responsible building practice that seeks to reduce the adverse impact of construction on the environment. Eco-construction aims to incorporate materials that respect the planet, maximise energy efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions. It provides a direct response to the climate emergency by creating healthy and sustainable living spaces and promoting a balance between the environment, the economy and social well-being.

To build sustainable buildings, a long-term strategy is essential. This strategy must meet environmental regulations and adapt to the needs of society in order to ensure building longevity and compliance.

From the design stage onwards, every choice is geared towards reducing the ecological footprint through the use of sustainable materials and efficient resource management.

The buildings are also designed to blend in with their surroundings and foster occupant well-being while enriching the urban environment. User comfort and health are also priorities, with an emphasis on thermal comfort and air quality.

Finally, eco-construction promotes flexible and versatile buildings capable of adapting to changes in use, thereby supporting functional and social diversity.

This collaborative approach requires the commitment of all project stakeholders in order to create sustainable buildings.

For Covivio, constructing sustainable buildings means promoting responsible real estate that delivers high levels of energy, environmental and social performance in order to create long-term value for the Company and the community.

Toward 100% certified buildings

Since 2015, Covivio has set bold certification targets (HQE, BREEAM, LEED) for its properties. Following the definition of Covivio’s Purpose, these objectives have been strengthened: 100% of Covivio’s portfolio must be certified by 2025.

Covivio is in the process of optimising energy performance and reducing CO2 emissions at all of its locations. To achieve this, the Company pursues a bold investment and works policy while raising awareness among the various stakeholders in the real estate chain involved in development, management or renovation.

Through its eco-construction initiatives, Covivio is helping to build more resilient and inclusive cities by combating climate change and urban sprawl, promoting the circular economy and making people the central focus of each project.

A global and sustainable vision of the building

the CSR performance of the building in order to buy a building that is performing well or has the potential to be upgraded

buildings to the best possible standards and to optimise their CSR performance

the CSR performance of buildings in operation and certify assets

the control of operating costs, rental value and experience value of the building in order to improve its CSR performance

CSR performance with customers and potential buyers

Environmental certification rate of Group’s portfolios

(Percentage of buildings certified for their construction and/or operation, Group share at end-2023)


France offices (vs 71,1% in 2016)


Italy offices (vs 54% in 2016)


Hotels in Europe (vs 27% in 2016)


German residential (thanks to HQE Exploitation on the whole portfolio)


Germany offices (new portfolio)


Tertiary development pipeline aiming for a level of certification above Excellent / Gold


Carbon trajectory: Covivio commits to a -40% reduction

In 2017/2018, Covivio verified the compatibility of its European 2030 carbon trajectory with that of the Paris Agreement of December 2015.

Produced with the CSTB (French Scientific and Technical Centre for Building) and underpinned by a strong scientific foundation, this trajectory covers Covivio’s various products in Europe (offices, hotels and residential) and was validated by the SBT (Science-Based Targets) initiative in 2018.

In 2021 and ahead of its targets, Covivio stepped up its carbon ambitions to align with a 1.5°C trajectory and aim for a “Net Zero Carbon” contribution (Scopes 1 and 2) and a well-below 2°C trajectory (Scope 3 including construction/renovation).

2030 trajectory of average carbon weight per m² (construction + restructuring + operation)
(Summary of Covivio’s various activities in Europe, in carbon intensity kgCO2e/m2/year)


2023 Climate report

Discover Covivio’s strategy and actions to combat global warming

The Science Based Target initiative validates Covivio’s greenhouse gas reduction targets, in line with a 1.5°C scenario

Covivio is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 63% in absolute terms by 2030 versus 2015 for its direct activities (Scopes 1 and 2), in line with a 1.5°C trajectory.

The Group is also committed to reducing its indirect emissions linked to the consumption of all the properties in its European portfolio, as well as the construction and renovation of assets (Scope 3) by 37.5%, in line with a well-below 2°C trajectory (between 1.5 and 2°C)

These objectives lead to a targeted reduction of 40% in intensity per m² held by Covivio in Europe between 2010 and 2030. 

Assessing portfolio resilience

Aware of the climate imperative and drawing on its experience in this area, Covivio is continually reviewing its targets and continuing to experiment in order to remain a pioneer in low-carbon construction.

In 2020, the Group also maintained its alignment with the recommendations of the TCFD (Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures) and commissioned several organisations to carry out resilience studies to determine the potential impacts of climate change on its portfolio.

EcoWater: a unique programme to optimise water consumption

Against a backdrop of global energy tension and in keeping with its awareness of water issues, Covivio has long taken steps to optimise consumption in its buildings. These measures are already bearing fruit: between 2008 and 2022, the amount of water consumed by our office portfolio in France fell by 38%.

To align our actions with the French government’s Water Plan, we have deployed EcoWater, a raft of tangible measures designed to optimise water consumption in our office buildings in France while involving our entire ecosystem.

EcoWater is a set of actions and objectives based on four pillars:

  • Economical consumption on a daily basis
  • Leak detection
  • Real-time monitoring
  • A mobilised ecosystem

BIM, an asset in eco-construction

Building Information Modelling (BIM) plays a crucial role in optimising building construction and operation. This building data modelling system enables better planning, more efficient design and optimised resource management.

BIM facilitates the operational management of properties while optimising spatial planning and access to facilities through the precise geolocation of equipment.

During the operating phase, BIM enables precise and proactive management of energy systems and water supplies by providing an in-depth digital representation of the building’s physical and functional characteristics using remote warning and control systems.

This technology has been incorporated into all of Covivio’s recently delivered properties and now comes as standard in new development projects, underlining the Company’s commitment to sustainable construction practices.

In 2021, Covivio was awarded the Silver BIM for the Stream Building project in Paris, recognising the advanced use of BIM in anticipating technical constraints and fostering collaboration between all project stakeholders.

Levers to achieve our objectives

Focus on renovation and fight against urban sprawl

  • More than 50% of our new operations are regeneration projects
  • Willingness to move towards net zero artificialization to preserve areas of biodiversity
  • Circular economy, sustainable materials and installation of high-performance equipment

Commit to low-carbon construction on a European scale

  • Drafting of LCA Europe specifications (Life Cycle Analysis) to standardize calculation methods
  • BBCA label or equivalent on at least 75% of new developments in France and 50% in Germany and Italy
  • Reliable measurement of the carbon footprint of operations

Acquire new tools

  • 2 tools developed in 2020 with CSTB to accompany the implementation of the carbon trajectory:
    • Construction/renovation part: to estimate the sensitivities to the impacts of the choice of materials and construction techniques on the carbon footprint of an operation.
    • Operation part: to calculate financial and carbon impact of the energy efficiency actions carried out on the portfolio

Promote the use of renewable energies

  • Installation of equipment on development projects
  • By 2030, 100% renewable electricity supply for our directly managed assets (80% at end 2023)
  • Make our tenants aware of this possibility for private areas

Mobilize all our stakeholders to make the climate transition a success

  • Responsible Purchase policy rolled out from 2011 and use of the EcoVadis platform since 2022
  • Strong partnership strategy with tenants (sustainable development committees, green annexes, etc.)
  • Governance bodies involved: creation of a CSR Committee in 2021

Activating the right CSR financial levers

Stream Building – Paris 17th

Located at the kernel of the Greater Paris region’s future hub, Stream Building offers 16,200 m² of mixed-use space combining innovation and environmental excellence. Boasting high levels of certification (HQE Exceptional, BREEAM Excellent, BBCA, E+C- and effinergie+ labels), the project features an architecture combining concrete and wood, extensive green spaces and photovoltaic panels.

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Focus on wood construction

2,000 m3 of wood used allowing the storage of 1,400 teqCO2

Reduced energy cost over its entire lifespan compared to other construction materials

Participation in local economic development: 120% increase of the working hours

Easier and lighter assembly thanks to prefabrication in the workshop: one stage assembled in 10 working days

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Sustainable & inclusive city

Sustainable & inclusive city Building a smarter and more sustainable city in conjunction with local stakeholders.